You'll be amazed at the rules that guided the 1860s teams. See them in practice at our vintage base ball games. These vintage rules, using vintage terminology, add a new — or rather old — dimension to the game.
The player is out if the ball is in the hands of a base tender before the runner steps on the base.
If two ballists are already out, no player running home at the time the ball is struck can make ace if the striker is put out.
The hurler must pitch, not jerk or throw to the bat.
The hurler must deliver the ball as near as possible over the center of home for the striker.
Foul balls do not count as strikes.
The striker is out after swinging and missing three balls if the behind catches the third strike on the fly or first bounce.
If the behind does not catch the third strike on the fly or the first bounce, the striker may try to make first base.
Any ball first touching the ground or touched by a player within the base lines is fair, even if it goes foul thereafter.
An ace shall be tallied when a base runner steps on the home base.
Outs are made when any ball, fair or foul, is caught on the fly or first bounce.
No person engaged in a match, either as umpire, scorer or player shall be, either directly or indirectly, interested in any bet upon the game.
Source: Beadle's Dime Base Ball Player, 1860